The employment rate over the last quarter has remained fairly stable with 321 000 people employed
MORE people in the Northern Cape are unemployed.
According to the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (Quarter 1: 2018), the unemployment rate in the Northern Cape jumped by 2.4 percent in the past quarter. This means that 29.5% of the Province’s population – a total of 134 000 people – are classified as unemployed.
The employment rate over the last quarter has remained fairly stable with 321 000 people employed.
Nationally, the official unemployment rate remained unchanged at 26.7% in Q1: 2018 compared to Q4: 2017. The official unemployment rate increased in seven of the nine provinces.
The largest increase in the unemployment rate was recorded in Mpumalanga (up by 3.5%), the Northern Cape (up by 2.4%), and North West (up by 1.9%).
Year-on-year the official unemployment rate nationally declined by 1% with most provinces recording declines and increases observed in Eastern Cape (up by 3.4%) and Mpumalanga (up by 0.9%).
In the Northern Cape the year-on-year unemployment rate declined by 1.2%.
In the first quarter of 2017 the official unemployment rate in the Province was 30.7%.
The expanded unemployment rate in the Province in the first quarter of this year was 41%.
The number of people employed in the agricultural sector in the Province has dropped form 55 000 in the last quarter of 2017 to 48 000 in the first quarter of this year – a decrease of 11.6%. Year-on-year, however, there has been a slight increase in this sector from 47 000 (Q1:2017) to 48 000 (Q1:2018).
Mining has also seen a decrease from 25 000 (Q4:2017) to 24 000 (Q1:2018). In the first quarter of last year, a total of 28 000 people in the Northern Cape were employed in the mining sector. This is a drop of 14.1% year-on-year.
The manufacturing sector employed more people this year
(15 000), in comparison to the same time last year (12 000) and in the last quarter of 2017, when 9 000 people were employed in the manufacturing sector.
The number employed in the construction sector has remained stable at 26 000, while trade has increased from employing 45 000 people in the last quarter of 2017 to 48 000 in the first quarter of this year.
In the community and social services sector, which is mainly made up by government, the number of people employed in the Province increased by 10.9% year-on-year from 86 000 in Q1:2017 to 90 000 in Q1:2018.
The number of people employed in private households in the Province has dropped to 20 000. At the beginning of last year, a total of
24 000 people were employed in private households, and while this number rose to a high of 28 000 in July to September 2017 it decreased to 22 000 in October to December 2017.
According to Nedbank’s Economic Commentary, the labour force survey suggests little real improvement in the private sector despite better economic prospects for 2018 and the improvement in the political environment.
“Over the quarter the highest number of jobs nationally (95 000) were created in the community and social services, which is mainly made of government, followed by manufacturing, construction and trade.
“The mining and agricultural sectors, which are very sensitive to ongoing policy uncertainties such as the mining charter and expropriation of land without compensation, recorded job losses.”