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Life expectancy increases in NC

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The bigest population group in the Northern Cape is between the ages of 0-4 years old, namely 127 111, followed by those between the ages of 5-9 years old, namely 125 458

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The life expectancy in the Northern Cape for females is 66.3 years, while for males it is 60.

The mid-year population estimates, released yesterday by Stats SA, indicate that for males the average life expectancy has increased from 52.2 years for the period 2001-2006 to 60 years for the period 2016-2021. For women, it increased from 57.4 to 66.3.

The life expectancy increased significantly in the period 2011-2016 due to the uptake of antiretroviral therapy over time in South Africa.

The Western Cape consistently has the highest life expectancy at birth for both males and females over time while the Free State has the lowest life expectancy at birth.

The Northern Cape meanwhile continues to have the smallest population of 1 225 555.

According to the provincial estimates, Gauteng has the largest share of the population followed by KwaZulu-Natal, the Western Cape and Eastern Cape.

By 2018 approximately 11.5% of South Africa’s population live in the Western Cape while the Northern Cape has the smallest share of the population (2.1%). The Free State has the second smallest share of the South African population constituting 5.1% of the population.

Limpopo (34.3%) and Eastern Cape (34.4%) have the highest proportions of persons younger than 15 years while a greater proportion of persons aged 60 years and above are found in the Eastern Cape and Northern Cape.

The biggest population group in the Northern Cape is between the ages of 0-4 years old, namely 127 111, followed by those between the ages of 5-9 years old, namely 125 458.

More than a third of the population of the Province are under 20 years old.

More than 16 000 people in the Northern Cape are older than 80 years, while 120 839 – in excess of 10% – are older than 60 years.

For 2018, Stats SA estimates the country’s total population at 57.73 million.

Approximately 51% (approximately 29.5 million) of the population is female.

Gauteng comprises the largest share of the South African population, with approximately 14.7 million people (25.4%) living in this province. KwaZulu-Natal is the province with the second largest population, with 11.4 million people (19,7%).

About 29.5% of the population is aged younger than 15 years and approximately 8.5% (4.89 million) is 60 years or older.

Similar proportions of those younger than 15 years live in Gauteng (21.1%) and KwaZulu-Natal (21%).

Of the elderly aged 60 years and older, the highest percentage (24% or 1.18 million) reside in Gauteng.

The proportion of elderly persons aged 60 and older is increasing over time.

Migration is an important demographic process as it shapes the age structure and distribution of the provincial population. For the period 2016-2021, Gauteng and the Western Cape are estimated to experience the largest inflow of migrants of approximately 1 048 440 and 311 004 respectively.

Birth

Life expectancy at birth for 2018 is estimated at 61.1 years for males and 67.3 years for females.

The infant mortality rate for 2018 is estimated at 36.4 per 1 000 live births.

The estimated overall HIV prevalence rate is approximately 13.1% among the South African population.

The total number of people living with HIV is estimated at approximately 7.52 million in 2018.

For adults aged 15-49 years, an estimated 19.0% of the population is HIV positive.